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本科美国代写Essay:石油泄漏

本科美国代写Essay:石油泄漏



本科美国代写Essay:石油泄漏


根据报告,导致事故的深水地平线的触发因素是人为因素,特别是工作人员的不良决策,技术问题和石油平台的设计缺陷。报告指出,井底的水泥垫不能容纳油中的碳氢化合物。因此,气体在钻柱中流过并冷凝。之后,英国石油公司和Transocean有限公司的专家误读了钻井中压力测量的数据,同时检查了泄漏情况。然后在接下来的40分钟里,Transocean Ltd.的专家没有注意到井正在流动碳氢化合物。可以从板上获得的气体通过通风系统在钻井平台上扩散,并且火灾探测系统未能防止其扩散。在爆炸之后,一个故障机制使预防性保险丝失效,预防保险丝应该自动堵塞孔并防止在紧急情况下漏油(Meyer,2008)。

石油泄漏被海岸1100英里污染。墨西哥湾所有水域的三分之一以上都禁止捕捞渔业。原油袭击了与墨西哥湾接壤的所有美国州。遭受重创的州是路易斯安那州,阿拉巴马州,密西西比州和佛罗里达州。根据2010年5月25日的报道,在墨西哥湾沿岸发现了189只死海龟。当时,石油可能会溢出400多种动物,包括鲸鱼和海豚。截至2010年11月2日,已收集到6814只死亡动物,其中包括6104只鸟类,609只海龟,100只海豚以及其他哺乳动物和爬行动物(Ferrier,1982)。



本科美国代写Essay:石油泄漏


According to the reports the triggers of the Deepwater horizon that led to the accident are human factors, in particular the poor decisions of staff, technical problems and design flaws of the oil platform. Reports stated that the cement pad at the bottom of the well could not hold hydrocarbons in the reservoir. Because of this, gas flowed through it in the drill column and condensated. After that, specialists of BP and Transocean Ltd. misread the testimony of measurements of pressure in the well borehole while checking for leaks. Then for the next 40 minutes, specialists of Transocean Ltd. did not notice that the well was flowing with hydrocarbons. Gas, which could be derived for a board, spread on a drilling platform through the ventilation system and fire detection systems failed to prevent its spread. After the explosion, a faulty mechanism failed the preventive fuse, which was supposed to automatically block the hole and prevent leakage of oil in case of emergency (Meyer, 2008).

The spill of oil was contaminated with 1100 miles coast. A ban on fishing for fishery had been closed for more than a third of all waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Crude oil hit all the U.S. states bordering the Gulf of Mexico. The hardest hit state was to Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida. According to the reports of May 25, 2010, 189 Dead Sea turtles were found in the Gulf Coast. At the time, the oil threatened to spill over 400 species of animals, including whales and dolphins. As of November 2, 2010, 6814 dead animals have been collected, including 6104 birds, 609 sea turtles, 100 dolphins and other mammals and reptiles (Ferrier, 1982).





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