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英国靠谱论文代写:中国生态系统规划



英国靠谱论文代写:中国生态系统规划


SLCP由中央政府于1999年发起,其目标是减少水土流失,并通过从农业生产中退出陡坡和边缘土地来增加中国的森林覆盖面积和面积。土壤侵蚀是中国最紧迫的环境问题之一。估计每年有30到40亿吨的淤泥被排入长江和黄河中上游。大约65%的淤泥来自倾斜的农田。数据显示,中国西部地区约607万英亩土地中70%的坡度大于25度,对大部分淤泥有贡献。该计划使用的术语是一个公共计划:由中央政府全额支付,计划财务由财政部管理。

完善的环境服务专门使国内受益人受益,因此这种已开发的PES的买方或实施者将成为受益人的一部分。但是,如果成功完成,该计划的未来收益可能远远超出中国的边界。

该计划包括中央政府长期以来的目标,即绿化和恢复贫瘠和退化的荒地和山区。在试验阶段,这一目标明确要求参与,以便退耕田的农民需要绿化一定数量的荒地,尽管这似乎因地区而异。鉴于参与者对这一规定的重要劳工要求提出抗议,中央政府似乎已经将此作为更多选择。



英国靠谱论文代写:中国生态系统规划


The SLCP was initiated by the central government in 1999 with the stated environmental goals of reducing water and soil erosion and increasing China’s forest cover and area by retiring steeply sloping and marginal lands from agricultural production. Soil erosion is one of China’s most urgent environmental problems . An estimated 2 to 4 billion tons of silt is released into the Yangtze and the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River annually. Around 65% of the silt comes from the sloping cropland. Data suggests that west China, with 70% of the approximately 6.07 million acres in agricultural land with slopes greater than 25 degrees, contributes to the majority of the silt. Using the terminology of , the program is a public scheme: it is fully paid for by the central government, with program finances being managed by the Ministry of Finance.
Well-developed environmental services exclusively benefit domestic recipients, the buyer or implementer of such a developed PES will thus be part of the beneficiaries. However, if completed successfully, the program’s future benefits could extend well beyond China’s borders.
The program incorporates the goal long held by the central government, of afforesting and restoring barren and degraded wasteland and mountainous areas. During the pilot phase, this goal was an explicit requirement of participation so that farmers retiring cropland were required to afforest a certain amount of wasteland, though this appears to have varied significantly by locale. Given protests by participants of the significant labor requirements of this stipulation, the central government seems to have made this more optional instead.




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